Children by virtue of their age and intellectual and physical development are a particular vulnerable group and are in special need of care and protection.
In 1993, the Republic of Armenia ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (hereinafter CRC), and was obliged to ameliorate its legislation in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.
By ratifying the CRC Armenia recognized that that the child, for the full and harmonious development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment, in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding and that the child must be protected from the all forms of violence and that the child must have all the rights under the CRC.
The most important prerequisites for the country's welfare is the state policy aimed at the children's interests.
In 1996 The Law Of The Republic Of Armenia On The Child's Rights was adopted and this was the basis for the further development of the child rights protection system. According to the first article of the mentioned law, the State proceeds from the principe that the child should be fully prepared to an individual life in society and that the child should participate fully in cultural and artistic life, as well as from the principe of high moral characteristics, patriotism and the upbringing of child as sitizens. The child is under the care and protection of society and the state.
In 2002-2003 in the field of child rights protection has been adopted The Law On Social Protection of Children Without Parental Care and the Criminal Code of The Republic of Armenia. The first time legal, economic and organizational basis, goals, principles and forms for social protection of children deprived of parental care were established, as well as the specifications of punishment crimes against family and child advocacy, juvenile criminal responsibility and as well as crimes against the family and the child's interests, criminal responsibility for juveniles and punishment specifications.